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      2020年江苏自考《英语(二)》本科复习试题4

      2020-03-06 14:07:43   来源:江苏自考网    点击:   
         
        江苏自考网为考生提供2020年江苏自考《英语(二)》本科复习试题,希望能帮助各位自考生更好地学习,顺利通过考试。考生如有自考疑问可咨询老师进行了解,也可以加入考生交流群探讨。

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      第一部分:阅读判断(第1~10题。每题1分。共10分)下面的短文后列出了10个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息。选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息.选j筝B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及.选择C。
       
      1
       
      回答1-10题
       
      Moderate Earthquake Strikes England
       
      A moderate earthquake struck parts of southeast England on 28 April 2007, toppling chimneys from houses and rousing residents from their beds. Several thousand people were left without power in Kent County. One woman suffered minor head and neck injuries.
       
      "It felt as if the whole house was being slid across like a fun-fair ride," said the woman.
       
      The British Geological Survey said the 4. 3-magnitude quake struck at 8.. 19 a. m. and was centered under the English Channel, about 8.5 miles south of Dover and near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel.
       
      Witnesses said cracks appeared in walls and chimneys collapsed across the county. Residents said the tremor had lasted for about 10 to 15 seconds.
       
      "I was lying in bed and it felt as if someone had just got up from bed next to me. "said Hendrick van Eek,27, of Canterbury about 60 miles southeast of London. "I then heard the sound of cracking, and it was getting heavier and heavier. It felt as if someone was at the end of my bed hopping up and down. "
       
      There are thousands of moderate quakes on this scale around the world each year,but they are rare in Britain. The April 28 quake was the strongest in Britain since 2002 when a 4. 8-magnitude quake struck the central England city of Birmingham.
       
      The country’s strongest earthquake took place in the North Sea in 1931 ,measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale. British Geological Survey scientist Roger Musson said the quake took place on 28 April in an area that had seen several of the biggest earthquakes ever to strike Britain, including one in 1580 that caused damage in London and was felt in France. Musson predicted that it was only a matter of time before another earthquake struck this part of England. However, people should not be scared too much by this prediction, Musson said,as the modern earthquake warning system of Britain should be able to detect a forthcoming quake and announce it several hours be- fore it takes place. This would allow time for people to evacuate and reduce damage to the minimum.
       
      During the April 28 earthquake,the whole England was left without power. (  )
       
      A.Right
       
      B.Wrong
       
      C.Not mentioned
       
      2
       
      The Channel Tunnel was closed for 10 hours after the earthquakeoccurred. (  )
       
      A.Right
       
      B.Wrong
       
      C.Not mentioned
       
      3
       
      It was reported that one lady had got her head and neck injured but not seriously. (  )
       
      A.Right
       
      B.Wrong
       
      C.Not mentioned
       
      4
       
      France and several other European countries sent their medical teams to work side by side with the British doctors. (  )
       
      A.Right
       
      B.Wrong
       
      C.Not mentioned
       
      5
       
      Many walls and chimneys were damaged during this quake. (  )
       
      A.Right
       
      B.Wrong
       
      C.Not mentioned
       
      6
       
      The April 28 quake was stronger than the one of 2002. (  )
       
      A.Right
       
      B.Wrong
       
      C.Not mentioned
       
      7
       
      The cotmtrys strongest earthquake took place in London in 1580. (  )
       
      A.Right
       
      B.Wrong
       
      C.Not mentioned
       
      8
       
      Musson predicted that another earthquake would occur in southeast England sooner or later. (  )
       
      A.Right
       
      B.Wrong
       
      C.Not mentioned
       
      9
       
      It can he inferred from the passage that England is rarely hit byhigh magnitude earthquakes. (  )
       
      A.Right
       
      B.Wrong
       
      C.Not mentioned
       
      10
       
      The modern earthquake warning system of Britain could detect aforthcoming quake. (  )
       
      A.Riht
       
      B.Wrong
       
      C.Not mentioned
       
      第二部分:阅读选择(第11~15题,每题2分,共10分)阅读下面,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出1个最佳选项。
       
      11
       
      回答11-15题
       
      Centers of the Great European Cities
       
      The centers of the great cities of Europe are meeting places by tradition. People gather there to drink coffee and chat late into the night. A mixture of locals and tourists make for an exciting, metropolitan atmosphere.
       
      Squares, plazas (广场) and arcades (拱廊) form the heart of Europe’s cities.
       
      Venice in Italy has the Piazza San Marco--a beautiful square surrounded by shops, churches, restaurants and cafes. In Barcelona Spain, La Bosqueria is a lively market with hundreds of stalls selling all kinds of goods. London’s Covent Garden is filled with fruit and vegetable stalls by day and musicians, acrobats(杂技演员) and artists by night. The government buildings at the center of many cities often are architecturally impressive. In London, they serve as a beautiful backdrop(背景)to the coffee tables that line the streets and the banks of the Thames.
       
      These vibrant(有活力的)hearts are the product of centuries of evolution, social historian Joel Garreau told US News and World Report recently. "The reason people think Venice is so great today is you don’t see all the mistakes. "said Garreau. "Those have all bee removed. " Most European cities were laid out before the invention of the car. So bars, restaurants and cafes were near to people’s homes. Today the focus of many Europeans’ life has moved away from the centers. They live in the suburbs and outskirts, driving to suoermarkets to get their supplies. But on a continent where people treasure convention there are still those who hold onto traditional ways living and shopping locally. These people, together with tourists, provide the city centers with their reason for existence.
       
      Coffee culture plays a part in keeping these city centers flourishing. This is particularly true of Paris whose citizens are famous enthusiastic conversationalists. This skill is developed over many hours spent chatting over espressos(浓咖啡)and cigarettes.
       
      Religion also plays a role in developing sociable atmosphere. People in Roman Catholic countriesused to visit the Church on an almost daily basis. Entire communities would gather in the same building and then move out to the markets. Cafes and bars in the surrounding streets. An enormous example of this relationship between church and society is the Duomo. The huge marble cathedral in Florence Italy is surrounded by bakeries and coffee shops, and caters not only to the tourist crowds, but also the local community.
       
      It can be inferred from the first paragraph that each big city in Europe. (  )
       
      A.has many large squares
       
      B.has many very magnificent sky’-scrapers
       
      C.draws tourists in large numbers every year
       
      D.has a center where tourists meet their spouses
       
      12
       
      Which statement is NOT true of Covent Garden? (  )
       
      A.It is crowded with people.
       
      B.It is located in London.
       
      C.It is filled with stalls.
       
      D.It is surrounded by shops,churches, restaurants and cafes.
       
      13
       
      Why do people think that Venice is so great? (  )
       
      A.Because it is a famous tourist attraction.
       
      B.Because you can reach anywhere by boat.
       
      C.Because it is well-known for its merchants.
       
      D.Because all the mistakes have been removed.
       
      14
       
      What are Parisians famous for? (  )
       
      A.Their pursuit of independence
       
      B.Their enthusiasm for conversation.
       
      C.Their ability to keep the city tlourishing.
       
      D.Their devotion to developing a multiple culture.
       
      15
       
      The writer cites the Duomo in the last paragraph as an example to illustrate that. (  )
       
      A.there is a tight link between church and society
       
      B.all churches are magnificent
       
      C.old churches are very popular
       
      第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子(第16-25题。每题1分。共10分)阅读下面短文。请完成短文后的2项测试任务:(1)从第l6~20题后所给的6个选项中为第①~⑤段每段选择l个正确的小标题;(2)从第21~25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项。分别完成每个句子。
       
      16
       
      回答16-25题
       
      Friendly Rdations with the People Around
       
      __①__You depend on all the people closely around to give you the warm feeling of belongingness that you must have to feet secure. But in fact, the members of all the groups to which you belong also depend on you to give that feeling to them. A person who shows that he wants everything for himself is bound to be a lonely wolf.
       
      __②__The need for companionship is closely related to the need for asense of belongingness. How sad and lonely your life would be if you had no one to share your feelings and experiences. You may take it for granted that there always will be people around to talk to and to do things with you and for you. The important point, however, is that keeping emotionally healthy does not depend so much upon having people around you as upon your ability to establish relationships that are satisfying both to you and to them.
       
      __③__Suppose you are in a crowd watching a football game. You don’t know them. When the game is over, you will all go your separate ways. But just for a while you had a feeling of companionship, of sharing the feelings of others who were cheering for the team you wanted to win.
       
      __④__ An experience of this kind gives the clue to what companionship really is. It depends upon emotional ties of sympathy, understanding, trust, and affection. Companions become friends when these ties are formed.
       
      __⑤__When you are thrown in a new circle of acquaintances, you may not know with whom you will make friends, but you can be sure that you will be able to establish friendships if you show that you really like people.
       
      Paragraph ①____________
       
      A.Making friends with new acquaintances
       
      B.Close link between companionship and belongingness
       
      C.Everyone needs the feeling of belongingness
       
      D.An example of a satisfying relationship
       
      E.Difficulties in establishing friendships
       
      F.What companionship really is
       
      17
       
      Paragraph ②____________
       
      A.Making friends with new acquaintances
       
      B.Close link between companionship and belongingness
       
      C.Everyone needs the feeling of belongingness
       
      D.An example of a satisfying relationship
       
      E.Difficulties in establishing friendships
       
      F.What companionship really is
       
      18
       
      Paragraph ③____________
       
      A.Making friends with new acquaintances
       
      B.Close link between companionship and belongingness
       
      C.Everyone needs the feeling of belongingness
       
      D.An example of a satisfying relationship
       
      E.Difficulties in establishing friendships
       
      F.What companionship really is
       
      19
       
      Paragraph ④____________
       
      A.Making friends with new acquaintances
       
      B.Close link between companionship and belongingness
       
      C.Everyone needs the feeling of belongingness
       
      D.An example of a satisfying relationship
       
      E.Difficulties in establishing friendships
       
      F.What companionship really is
       
      20
       
      Paragraph ⑤____________
       
      A.Making friends with new acquaintances
       
      B.Close link between companionship and belongingness
       
      C.Everyone needs the feeling of belongingness
       
      D.An example of a satisfying relationship
       
      E.Difficulties in establishing friendships
       
      F.What companionship really is
       
      21
       
      If a person who shows he wants everything for himself is bound to be______.
       
      A.without pity
       
      B.sad and lonely
       
      C.emotionally healthy
       
      D.without real love for them
       
      E.a sense of security
       
      F.a lonely wolf
       
      22
       
      If you had no one to share your feeling, your life would be______.
       
      A.without pity
       
      B.sad and lonely
       
      C.emotionally healthy
       
      D.without real love for them
       
      E.a sense of security
       
      F.a lonely wolf
       
      23
       
      The warm feeling of belongingness may give you______.
       
      A.without pity
       
      B.sad and lonely
       
      C.emotionally healthy
       
      D.without real love for them
       
      E.a sense of security
       
      F.a lonely wolf
       
      24
       
      The ability to establish fine relations with others will keep you______.
       
      A.without pity
       
      B.sad and lonely
       
      C.emotionally healthy
       
      D.without real love for them
       
      E.a sense of security
       
      F.a lonely wolf
       
      25
       
      You will find it hard to make friends with people______.
       
      A.without pity
       
      B.sad and lonely
       
      C.emotionally healthy
       
      D.without real love for them
       
      E.a sense of security
       
      F.a lonely wolf
       
      第四部分:填句补文(第26~30题。每题2分。共10分)下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子。其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。
       
      26
       
      回答26-30题
       
      Reflections: Friendship and Loyalty
       
      The current trend on the Internet is befriending anyone who re-quests to be your friend. __26__ It may be popular and trendy to have a network filled with a multitude of mutual friends. However one true loyal friend may be the only friend you need.
       
      A term used on the popular Facebook site is B. F. F. This acronym means best friends forever. Are they really your best friends for-ever? You might ask yourself this question, "Will they share my private matters with others on the pages of Facebook, or perish the thought, engage in gossip about me with other?" __27__ Maybe not, even for a day.
       
      I choose to have a B. L. F., a best loyal friend, for those of you who may be challenged by the use of acronyms during this age of technology and fast-talking.
       
      Loyalty found in a friend is akin to making a deposit in a bank account. __28__ A loyal friend attracts another loyal friend. In essence water does seek its own level.
       
      If you were a B. L. F. way before Facebook gained notorietythen I’m sure you understand the premise of loyalty in a friend. __29__ These are not the traits of a best loyal friend.
       
      A best loyal friend does not care who is invited to your party. __30__
       
      请在第__26__处填上正确答案。
       
      A.Loyalty consists of a friend who will stick by you ,through thick and thin.
       
      B.More often than not, your deposits gain interest, an interest in your well-being and welfare.
       
      C.They will attend your party and celebrate you just in the way a best loyal friend should do.
       
      D.You should never exploit your B. L. F. to gain more friends or make yourself seem more important to others.
       
      E.However, this new trend may lead to disasters.
       
      F.If the answer to that is "I don’t know’ more than likely, they will not be your best friends forever.
       
      27
       
      请在第__27__处填上正确答案。
       
      A.Loyalty consists of a friend who will stick by you ,through thick and thin.
       
      B.More often than not, your deposits gain interest, an interest in your well-being and welfare.
       
      C.They will attend your party and celebrate you just in the way a best loyal friend should do.
       
      D.You should never exploit your B. L. F. to gain more friends or make yourself seem more important to others.
       
      E.However, this new trend may lead to disasters.
       
      F.If the answer to that is "I don’t know’ more than likely, they will not be your best friends forever.
       
      28
       
      请在第__28__处填上正确答案。
       
      A.Loyalty consists of a friend who will stick by you ,through thick and thin.
       
      B.More often than not, your deposits gain interest, an interest in your well-being and welfare.
       
      C.They will attend your party and celebrate you just in the way a best loyal friend should do.
       
      D.You should never exploit your B. L. F. to gain more friends or make yourself seem more important to others.
       
      E.However, this new trend may lead to disasters.
       
      F.If the answer to that is "I don’t know’ more than likely, they will not be your best friends forever.
       
      29
       
      请在第__29__处填上正确答案。
       
      A.Loyalty consists of a friend who will stick by you ,through thick and thin.
       
      B.More often than not, your deposits gain interest, an interest in your well-being and welfare.
       
      C.They will attend your party and celebrate you just in the way a best loyal friend should do.
       
      D.You should never exploit your B. L. F. to gain more friends or make yourself seem more important to others.
       
      E.However, this new trend may lead to disasters.
       
      F.If the answer to that is "I don’t know’ more than likely, they will not be your best friends forever.
       
      30
       
      请在第__30__处填上正确答案。
       
      A.Loyalty consists of a friend who will stick by you ,through thick and thin.
       
      B.More often than not, your deposits gain interest, an interest in your well-being and welfare.
       
      C.They will attend your party and celebrate you just in the way a best loyal friend should do.
       
      D.You should never exploit your B. L. F. to gain more friends or make yourself seem more important to others.
       
      E.However, this new trend may lead to disasters.
       
      F.If the answer to that is "I don’t know’ more than likely, they will not be your best friends forever.

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